CCNA 200-125 1.5: Compare and contrast collapsed core and three-tier architectures

  • The collapsed core architecture and the three-tier architecture are design approaches, not physical separations.  It’s a way of thinking about the network, not a way of viewing actual network devices.
  • Collapsed core
    • Core and Distribution layers are combined as a single layer
    • The collapsed core devices must be capable of core functions: high speed network connectivity and distribution functions: routing, filtering, NAT, etc.
  • Three-tier is a hierarchical model:
    • Core - move large amounts of traffic as fast as possible. Majority of users
    • Distribution - routing, filtering, WAN access, NAT, firewalls, redistribution
    • Access - device connectivity
    • Three separate levels doesn’t necessarily mean three separate devices